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牵手物联网 摇篮里的IPv6还需努力

作者: 任天野 更新时间: 2020年01月18日 12:55:46 游览量: 116

JIANSHU:

“SUIRANIPv6YUWULIANWANGDEJIEHEYINGYONGHAICUNZAIZHUDUOWENTIHEKUNNAN,DANZHEIXIEDOUKEYITONGGUOBUDUANWANSHANLAIJIEJUE。TUIJINIPv6ZAIWULIANWANGYINGYONGLINGYU

牵手物联网 摇篮里的IPv6还需努力

视觉中国

  RUJINIPv4(HULIANWANGXIEYIDI4BAN)DIZHIQUJINKUJIE,IPv6(HULIANWANGXIEYIDI6BAN)YOUYUNENGTIGONGCHONGZUDEWANGLUODIZHI,YINCICHENGWEIQUANQIUGONGRENDEXIAYIDAIHULIANWANGSHANGYEYINGYONGJIEJUEFANGAN。RANER,JINRIYOUMEITIKANWENCHENG,IPv6DEPUJI,KENENGHUIDAOZHIYUELAIYUEDUODEWULIANWANGSHEBEICONGYUANBENDE“YINBI”ZHUANGTAIZHUANXIANG“BAOLU”ZHUANGTAI,ZHENGTIANQUANFENGXIANSUIZHIZENGJIA。

GPK电子  NEIMESHISHIZHENSHIRUCIMA?YOUCIKENENGHUICHANSHENGNAXIEWEIXIAN?ZHENDUIZHEIXIEWENTI,KEJIRIBAOJIZHECAIFANGLEXIANGGUANZHUANJIA。

  普及IPv6会增加设备暴露风险

  IPv6SHIHULIANWANGGONGCHENGRENWUZU(IETF)SHEJIDEXIAYIDAIIPXIEYI,TADETICHUHENDACHENGDUSHANGSHIWEILEJIEJUEIPv4WANGLUODIZHIZIYUANSHOUXIANWENTI。TONGSHI,IPv6BENSHENJIANGANQUANXINGZUOWEIZHONGYAODESHEJIZHUNZEZHIYI,KEGUANSHANGJIAOIPv4DEANQUANXINGGENGQIANG。IPv6DEYINGYONGYUPUJI,BUJINJIEJUELEWANGLUODIZHIZIYUANSHULIANGSHOUXIANDEWENTI,GENGZHONGYAODESHI,TAJIEJUELECIQIANDUOZHONGSHEBEILIANWANGDEJISHUWENTI。

  SHEBEIYIDANDUIPDIZHIZHIJIELIANRUWANGLUO,XUYAOZHANYONGDALIANGDEDIZHIKONGJIAN。ZAIIPv4SHIDAI,YINDIZHISHULIANGYOUXIAN,XIANGGUANJISHURENYUANDUOCAIYONGNAT(NetworkAddressTranslation,WANGLUODIZHIZHUANHUAN)JISHULAIJIEJUEWANGLUODIZHIBUZUDEWENTI。JITONGGUONATJIYONGHUFENPEINEIWANGDIZHIERFEIGONGWANGDIZHI,CONGERJIANGSHIYONGNATJISHUDESHEBEI“YINZANG”QILAI。WAIJIEWUFAKANDAOGAISHEBEIDENEIWANGDIZHI,ZHIYOUTONGGUONATZHUANHUANCAINENGLIANSHANGNEIWANGSHEBEI,YOUCIKEYIYOUXIAOJIANGDILAIZIWANGLUOWAIBUDEGONGJIFENGXIAN。

  “IPv6JIDADITUOZHANLEDIZHIKONGJIAN,DIZHISHULIANGGOUYONGLE,YEJIUWUXUZAISHIYONGNATJISHULE。MEITAIWULIANWANGSHEBEIJUNKEPEIYOUDULIDEGONGWANGDIZHI,YIGONGGONGWANGZHIJIEFANGWEN。”BEIJINGLIGONGDAXUEWANGLUOGONGFANGDUIKANGJISHUYANJIUSUOSUOZHANGYANHUAIZHIGAOSUKEJIRIBAOJIZHE,YUANBENZAIIPv4HUANJINGZHONG“YINBI”ZAINATJISHUXIADEWULIANWANGSHEBEI,ZAICAIYONGIPv6HOU,JIUHUIYIGONGWANGDIZHISHIRENLE。YINCI,ZHEIQUESHIYOUKENENGDAOZHIWULIANWANGSHEBEIBAOLUSHULIANGDEJUZENG。TONGSHI,ZAIYONGYOUGONGWANGDIZHIHOU,WULIANWANGSHEBEIDIZHIBIANHUADEKENENGXINGDADAJIANGDI,ZHEIYEWEIGONGJIZHECHIXUGENZONGFENXITIGONGLEBIANLI。

GPK电子  CIWAI,JIAOZHICHUANTONGIPWANGLUO,ZAIYANHUAIZHIKANLAI,WULIANWANGKENENGHUICUNZAIGENGDUOANQUANYINHUAN。“WULIANWANGSHEBEIDADUOSHUYURUANYINGJIANGAODUOUHEXINGXITONG,BUJINKENENGCUNZAIRUANJIANQUEXIAN,YEKENENGCUNZAIYINGJIANLOUDONG,ERQIESHEBEIGUZHANGKEZAIRUANYINGJIANZHIJIANCHUANBO。”YANHUAIZHISHUO。

  “牵手”路上还有不少拦路虎

GPK电子  CHULEHUIZENGJIASHEBEI“LUTOUBEIDA”DEFENGXIANWAI,WULIANWANG“QIANSHOU”IPv6HAIYOUQITA“TIANMIDEFUDAN”——BIRULIANJIASHEBEINANYICHENGZAIIPv6XIEYI、GAOANGDESHEBEIJIANGUANCHENGBENDENGDENG。

  YANHUAIZHIJIESHAODAO,CHUANTONGSHEBEIHENDUOSHINANYILIANWANGDE“YA”SHEBEI。“ZHEIZHONGSHEBEIJIBIANJUYOULIANWANGGONGNENG,TONGCHANGYEZHINENGZHICHIIPv4。RUGUOZHEIXIESHEBEIYAOYONGIPv6XIEYIJIERUWULIANWANG,WULUNSHILIYONGSUIDAOJISHUDUIQIJINXINGGAIZAO,HAISHIZAIZHEIXIESHEBEISHANGZHIJIETIANJIARUANYINGJIANMOKUAI,DOUHUIZENGJIASHEBEIZHIZAOCHENGBEN,YEZAIYIDINGCHENGDUSHANGHUIZUAIWULIANWANGTUIGUANGYINGYONG。”TASHUO。

  TONGSHI,CHUANTONGDE“IPv4DIZHI+NAT”JIEJUEFANGANRENGYOUJIAODADESHICHANGKONGJIAN。LIYONGNATJISHU,JIBIANBUSHIYONGIPv6,QIYE、XUEXIAODENGJIGOUYENENGSHIQIWULIANWANGSHEBEILIANWANG,WUXUWEIQIFENPEIGONGWANGIP。“JIERUIPv6,QIANQIXUYAOYIBIBUXIAODETOURU,DAJIADOUXIANGSHAOHUAQIAN、DUOBANSHI,YINCIHUIYOUGENGDUORENYUANYIXUANZEYUANYOUDENATJISHU。”YANHUAIZHISHUO。

  “IPv6YUWULIANWANGERZHE‘LIANYIN’,SHIDASHISUOQU、BUKEZUDANG,DANCONGSHIJIPUJIJINZHANLAIKAN,HAICUNZAIZHUDUOKUNNANHETIAOZHAN。SHOUXIAN,JIANGIPv6YINGYONGYUWULIANWANG,QIGAOANGDECHENGBENJIUSHIDIYIZHILANLUHU。QICI,XIANYOUDALIANGWULIANWANGSHEBEIYINGYONGDEDOUSHIIPv4XIEYIXITONG,YINCIBIXUSHIQINENGTONGSHIJIANRONGIPv6HEIPv4。”BEIJINGZHITONGTIANXIAKEJIYOUXIANGONGSIWANGLUOSHIYEBUZONGJIANCENGJIASHUO。

GPK电子  NEIME,WEISHENMEHUICHUXIANZHEIXIETUIGUANGHEPUJIFANGMIANDEZHANGAINI?

GPK电子  SHIJISHANG,ZHONGGUOSHIZUIZAOCHENGGONGYINGYONGIPv6DEGUOJIAZHIYI,ZAOQICENGYIDUSHIXIANQUANQIULINGXIAN。DANYOUYUZHONGZHONGYUANYIN,ZAI2008NIANZHIHOUYINGYONGTUIGUANGSUDUJIANHUAN,YENEIRENSHIDUIWOGUOIPv6“QILEGEDAZAO,GANLEGEWANJI”DEXIANZHUANGTONGXINBUYI。TONGSHI,CAIYONG“IPv4DIZHI+NAT”FANGANLAIHUANJIEIPDIZHIDUANQUEDEZHEZHONGFANGAN,SHIDEYUNYINGZHEHEYONGHULUORUIPv4DE“SHUSHIQU”ZHONGWUFAZIBA。YOUYUJISHUHESHICHANGDESHUANGZHONGZHIYUE,IPv6SHENGTAIYUANWEIXINGCHENG,DAOZHIWOGUOCONGIPv4XIANGIPv6QIANYIJINDUHUANMAN。“ZHEIXIEYUANYIN,YANZHONGYIWULEWOGUOBUSHUTUIGUANGIPv6DEYOULIXIANJI。”YANHUAIZHISHUO。

  现阶段是难得的“磨合期”

GPK电子  2017NIAN,ZHONGGONGZHONGYANGBANGONGTING、GUOWUYUANBANGONGTINGYINFALE《TUIJINHULIANWANGXIEYIDILIUBAN(IPv6)GUIMOBUSHUXINGDONGJIHUA》,QIZHONGTIDAOYAOZAIJINNIANKAIZHANIPv6HUANJINGXIAGONGYEHULIANWANG、WULIANWANG、YUNJISUAN、DASHUJU、RENGONGZHINENGDENGLINGYUWANGLUOANQUANJISHU、GUANLIJIJIZHIYANJIUGONGZUO。

WENZHANGLIANJIE:http://techracket.com//jxky/7618.html

WENZHANGBIAOTI:QIANSHOUWULIANWANG YAOLANLIDEIPv6HAIXUNULI

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